D I S T R I C T - P R O F I L E
Nizamabad district is Situated in the Northern part of the State and is one of the 10 districts of Telangana region in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
I. Boundaries and Topography:
The District is bounded on the North by Adilabad District, East by Karimnagar District, South by Medak district and West by Bidar District of Karnataka and Nanded district of Maharashtra. It lies between 18-5' and 19' of the Northern latitudes, 77-40' and 78-37' of the Eastern longitudes. As the District is situated at a considerable distance from the Sea coast, the climatic condition is tropical and temperature flactuations are high in the district. The Normal mean minimum temperature is 13.7',and mean maximum is 39.9'C.
At times, the temperature plummets to as low as 5'C during winter and soars to as high as 47'C during the peak summer. The geographical area is 7956 Sq.kms i.e. 19,80,586 acres spread over 923 villages in 36 mandals of which 866 are inhabitated villages and 57 villages are either un-inhabitated or submerged under irrigation projects/tanks.
As per 2001 census the total population of the district is 23.42 lacs. The details are as under: (in lacs)
MALE 2.14 9.48
FEMALE 2.08 9.72
S.C.Population (Urban+Rural)&(Male+Female) 3.08
S.T.Population (Urban+Rural)&(Male+Female) 1.21
Density of population 257 per Sq.Kms.
Literate Population 5.96
Workers population 10.14
Agricultural labourers 3.07
The normal rainfall in the district is 1036 mm, of which about 85% comes from South-west monsoon during the latter part of June to the end of October.The normal District Average rainfall during 2002 till the end of September 2002 is 515.20 mm.
I)Forests: The forest is covering an area of 1.67 lakh hectares,(4,18,450 acres) forming 22% of the total geographical area of the district. Much stress is being laid on the development of this rich natural resources for augmenting the revenue and also to provide gainful employment, to the rural poor by raising commercial plantation viz., Eucalyptus, Teak etc.,. The National Policy is to cover 1/3rd of the geographical area with forests to maintain ecological balance and other advantages. There is, therefore, an urgent need to bring barren lands under social forestry to support ecological balancing.
ii)MINERALS: The District is not rich in minerals. Iron ore of poor quality occurs at few places as literate capping and as ferrous quartzites. Aluminous blocks containing 25% to 35% Alumina are reported from Gurjakunta of Bhiknoor Mandal and Karadpally in Tadwai mandal. The calcareous and relcinised earth is formed near Tippapur,Bhiknoor and Kuprial areas. The granites of various shades and the Deccan Trap rocks are yielding excellent material in the district, for construction of buildings and for laying roads. Export potential of granite is yet to be exploited fully.
iii) FLORA: The Jungles and forests like sponges, retain moisture in the soil and also help render the climate more equitable. The forests and jungles fall under the category of Southern Tropical dry deciduous type. A considerable area of the district is covered by these forests and Jungles. The thick forest belt produces teaebony, black wood, nallamaddi, yippa, bijasal and tarwar, but the teak forests, for which the district was once famous have been considerably reduced due to indiscriminate and un-scientific exploitation. The forest produce, which includes timber, fuel, bamboo and beedi-leaves, yields good revenue. Mangoes and Custard apples grow well in the district.
IV. FAUNA: Tigers, Panthers, Jungle -cats, wild-sheep, blue-bulls, black bucks, sambar, spotted deer, wild-porcupines etc are some of the common animals found in this district. Birds like ducks, par rots, teal, jungle fowls, peacocks, partridges, pigeons etc are also seen in the forests. But the fauna, like the flora, is under danger and unless urgent conservation measures are not taken, this once beautiful district is likely to become barren in the near future.
V.SOIL: The important soils prevailing in the district are black and chalka (Sandy looms) covering 55% and 45% respectively of the total area. The erstwhile blocks of Bodhan, Madnoor and Banswada are predominantly black soils, while the other 6 blocks are of Chalka soil.
VI.HILLS: In Nizamabad, which is situated in the table land of Deccan, hills of any considerable range are quite rare. Isolated peaks and rocky clusters occur frequently. The rocks are related to the Archean and Deccan trap formations. The Archean type occupies a very large area of 85%. A few minor hill range areas are found in the eastern and western parts of the district.
VII) RIVERS AND MAJOR/MINOR IRRIGATION PROJECTS:
a)GODAVARI: The Godavari river originates in the Western ghats at Triambak, near Nasik in Maharashtra State. It flows about 113 Kms on the Northern boundary of the district, and enters Karimnagar district.
The Sree Ram Sagar, a major irrigation project has been constructed on the river Godavari at Pochampad village of Nizamabad District, covering in downflow Karimnagar and Adilabad districts and some parts of Warangal district. The benefit is received by only 23 villages in Nizamabad district covering 1394 Hectares due to reduction in storage capacity on account of silt formation and repairs needed to the canal system. Of these 23 villages, 14 villages are under Balkonda Mandal, 8 villages are under Mortad mandal and 1 village is under Kammarpally mandal. The project has also hydroelectric power station with an installed capacity of 3x9 M.V.A.
b)MANJEERA: The river Manjeera rises in Patoda Taluq of Bidar district in Karnataka, crosses Nizamabad district from South-west and joins Godavari near Kandakurthi village in Renjal mandal. The Nizamsagar project has been constructed on Manjeera river near Achampet village in erstwhile Banswada Block. The project has also hydro-electric power station with an installed capacity of 3x5 M.V.A.
Other streams Kalyani, Kaulas,Peddavagu are also existing in the district.
Sl. Name of the project Registered Actual
No. Ayacut Area Irrigated
-- -------------------- ----------- ---------
01. Nizamsagar 1,73,336 57,527
02. Sree Ram Sagar 15,789 1,394
03. Pocharam 9,619 278
04. Ramadugu 3,242 1,095
05. Nallavagu 898 --
TOTAL 2,11,515 Ha 62,864 Ha
d)AGRICULTURE: Agriculture is the backbone of the district's economy and about 81% of the working population depend on agriculture. The major crops grown are paddy, Sugarcane, Maize, Turmeric, Cotton, Groundnut, Sunflower and pulses etc.
As per the information made available by the Agriculture Department the land utilisation, land holdings and cropping patterns are as under:(area in 000's Hectares)
LAND UTILISATION: CROPPING PATTERN:
01. Geographical area 806 01. Paddy 105
02. Forest Area 167Sq.kms. 02. Jowar 30
03. Gross cropped area 338 03. Maize 55
04. Net cropped area 259 04. Chillies 07
05. Gross irrigated area 266 05. Turmeric 10
06. Net irrigated area 229 06. Sugarcane 16
LAND HOLDING PATTERN: 07. Cotton 20
01. Less than 4 Ha. 308 08. Sunflower 22
02. More than 4 Ha and 14 09. Pulses 36
less than 10 Ha 10. Others 07
03. More than 10 Ha 5
The crops and the Joint-mandals where they are grown predominantly are shown here under:
PADDY: Grown in all Joint mandals but predominantly in Nizamabad,Armoor,Banswada,Bodhan and Kamareddy.
SUGARCANE: Nizamabad,Bodhan,Banswada,Kamareddy,Domakonda and Yellareddy.
TURMERIC: Armoor and Bheemgal.
COTTON: Madnoor, Bodhan and Banswada.
MAIZE: Nizamabad, Armoor, Bheemgal,Kamareddy, Domakonda.
GROUNDNUT: Madnoor, Bodhan.
FARM MACHINES: The number of existing Farm machines as on 31.03.2002 are:
Tractors : 4695 Harvestors : 09
Power Tillers : 244 Paddy Thrushers : 80
Maize shellers : 1750 Sugarcane Crushers : 4116
Groundnut decoticators: 1704
1.MILCH CATTLE: As per 1999 census, the population of Cattle and Buffaloes in the district are as under:
Cattle Buffaloes Total
------ --------- -----
1) Males over 3 years 1.91 0.06 1.97
2) Females over 3 years 0.89 1.48 2.37
3) Young stock 0.87 1.12 1.99
------ --------- -----
TOTAL 3.67 2.66 06.33
------ --------- -----
2. ANIMAL HEALTH CARE: The number of veterinary institutions existing are as under:
Veterinary Poly-clinic 01
Veterinary hospitals 10
Veterinary dispensaries 51
Rural live stock units 66
Apart from these 128, the GRAM voluntary Agency is maintaining 18 veterinary first aid centres and artificial insemination centres.
3. MILK CHILLING FACILITIES:
There are two milk collection centres in the district, one at Nizamabad and another at Kamareddy . Details of which are as under:
Active Dairy Co-operatives 42 69
Capacity of the unit @Ltrs per day 18,000 18,000
Procurement 54.4% 48.3%
Handling 48.3% 40.3%
Milk routes 03 06
No. of villages covered 42 78
Two private Dairies viz Jyothi (5000 LPD) and Hamara Diary (1000 LPD)are also functioning in the District.
APDDCF Ltd has promoted 20 Women Dairy Coop Societies with the involvement of Gram Abhudaya Mandali, the voluntary agency.
Recently "GOPALA MITRA" scheme has been introduced to take up artificial insemination,and health care of animals in the villages with the unemployed youth being given 4 months training in Agriculture labour work,first aid and fodder development. 74 Gopala Mitra centres have been proposed to be opened in the district by the end of December 2002.
The details of Large & Medium units existing in the district are as under
Sl Name of the Industry & Installed Investment Employment
No. Line of Activity capacity (Rs. lacs)
01. Nizam sugar Factory 3500 TCD 2291 1000
02. Sukhjit Starch 20000 MT 795 297
Mubaraknagar,Maize 7500 MT
03. NZB.Corn products 70 TPD 250 40
04. NZB.Coop sugars 1000 TCD 649 200
05. Vajra Granites,Baswapur 41000 Sq.mt 1082 40
06. Feno Fibres,Thanakalan 12960 Spndls 471 115
07. NCS Gayatri Sugars 2500 TCD 2150 610
08. ABK Publications 2737500 papers 304 60
Particulars of Large & Medium Industries under pipe line:
01. Gayatri Tissues & papers 103900 1000 Due to market
the project at
02. Manjeera Sugars,Bichkunda 2500 TCD 1870 Under implementation.
03. Padmavathi sugars,pvt ltd 48.5Crs 440 --
04. NCS Gayatri sugars ltd. 32.5 540 Under expansion.
05. Gayatri Sugar Complex,
Narsingraopet (V),White 61 440 Under implementation.
06. NCS Gayatri Sugars Ltd
Adloor yellareddy indl 8 lakhs 150 --do--
07. 5 units at various places 126.10Crs 2210 GOI have issued
(All white crystal sugar units) letter of intent.
The Details of Tiny and SSI units existing in the district are as under:
Sl Category No.of Investment Employ
No. Units (Rs. in lacs) ment
01. Food & Agrobased Industries 2394 3508 32396
02. Forest based Industries 1007 458 6432
03. Mineral Based Industries 415 220 5422
04. Engineering & Allied Industries 2139 1485 13242
05. Textile based Industries 186 254 1887
06. Chemical based Industries 394 177 2594
07. Building material Industries 529 293 7527
08. Other Industries 3113 2826 18054
TOTAL 10177 9221 87554
8) PLACES OF TOURIST INTEREST:
Nizamsagar, Sree Ram Sagar, Pocharam, Alisagar projects, Nizamabad fort,Dichipally Ramalayam,Museum at Tilak Garden,Domakonda Fort, Kanteshwar Temple, Quilla Ramalayam, Mallaram forest, Ashok Sagar, Sarangapur, Rock formations on Armoor road etc are some of the prominent tourist centres. Nizamabad fort was developed on an original temple of Ram Mandir constructed by Raghunathdas, who had also constructed a big tank which is the main drinking water source, even now, for Nizamabad town. The temple was developed into a fort called Nizamabad Fort. All the above places are provided with beautiful gardens/lawns and guest house facilities.
9) RELIGIOUS PLACES:
The prominent religious places in the district are Limbadri Gutta, Bada Pahad, Bichkunda and Sarangapur.
a) LIMBADRI GUTTA(HILLS): There is Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple on the Linbadri Hill located in a Serene atmosphere. The spot is 4 Kms from Bheemgal Taluq Head quarters. Every year a carnival will be held from Kartika Sudda Thadiya to Trayodasi.
b)BADA PAHAD: People pay homage to Dargah of Syed Sadullah Hussaini located on the hills between Varni & Chandur . This is also a JATRA spot.
c)BICHKUNDA: "SHIVARATRI FESTIVAL" day, every year, the famous Basawa Lingappa Swamy fair takes place at Bichkunda attracting several devotees from Andhra Pradesh and also from Maharashtra and Karnataka States.
d)SARANGAPUR: At about 8 kilometres from Nizamabad town, there is a huge HANUMAN TEMPLE at Sarangapur, which is considered to be another holy shrine in the district. The saint Samartha Ramadas, the Guru of Chatrapati Shivaji had laid the foundation for the temple about 452 years ago. With easy accessibility, and
availability of electricity, protected water supply, Dharmasala, Garden/ Childrens' park etc., the place is attracting a considerable number of pilgrims every day.
e)KANTESHWAR: In Nizamabad in a locality called, Kanteshwar an ancient temple of Lord Shiva "NEELA KANTESHWAR" with beautiful architecture is located attracting a large number of devotees in the district. This temple was constructed by the Satavahana king, Satakarni-II for the Jains. The structure resembles the North Indian Style of Architecture. The festival of Radhasapthami is annually celebrated on a grand scale in this temple.
f)At about 5 kilometres from Nizamabad town, towards Hyderabad road (NH-7), there is a "SAI BABA" temple at Madhavnagar. The temple constructed many years ago has now been developed into the present state with Dharmashala, protected water supply and garden etc.,
g)Dichipalli Ramalayam : Just off the Hyderabad-Nizamabad highway Dichpalli temple is located 15 kms from Nizamabad town. Picturesquely located on a hillock, this beautiful temple of Rama is built of white and black basalt stone. An architrave at the foot of the hillock welcomes visitors. The exquisite carvings of temple walls, ceilings and door frames are on par with Khajuraho temple and display the excellent craftsmanship of the 17th Century A.D. To the South of the Temple is an extensive tank amidst which nestles a pillared mandapam. The scenic locale adds to the beauty of the temple.
h) Archaeological and Heritage Museum: This museum was opened in October 2001. The District Archaeological Museum houses number of artefacts and antiquities representing the evolution of human civilisation right from Paleolithic to Vijaya Nagar Times (i.e. 16th A.D). The Museum is broadly devided into three sections, namely Archaeological Section,Sculptural gallery and Bronze and Decorative gallary.
Bidri articles and arms and weapons of extensive variety are also exhibited.
i)Quilla Ramalayam: Originally known as Indoor or Indrapuri, the town and fort were built by the Rashtrakutas. There is a 40 feet high monolithic victory pillar built during the Rashtrakuta reign. The fort was occupied by Allauddin Khilji in 1311 A.D. and subsequently went into the hands of Bahamanis, Qutub Shahis and then Asaf Jahis. The present fort has a wide area encircled by masonry walls along with huge bastions at the corners. This 10th Century fort of the Rashtrakutas has continued to be a of strategic importance right down to the Asaf Jahis. The present fort reflects the Asaf Jahi style of architecture with spacious halls and a summer house. Adding importance to the fort is the Bada Rammandir Temple, built by Samarth Ramdass the guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji. The fort offers a panoramic view of the Nizamabad town and its surroundings.
j)Mallaram Forest: Mallaram Forest is just 7 kms away from Nizamabad. Ensconced in Sylvan surroundings it is the perfect place for eco-tourism. Forest treks, a pagoda and a view point tower are main attractions. 1.45 billion years old rock beckons you into the lap of nature. Ideal place for adventure tourism and
k) Ashok Sagar: A picturesque lake with beautiful rocks and garden, situated 7 kms from Nizamabad on Hyderabad-Basar road. Just the right place to stop over, stretch out and relax with illuminated rocks, well laid out garden and the boat ride to sooth your mind and body.
l)Alisagar:Alisagar is 10 Kms from Nizamabad and 2 kms off the Nizamabad-Basar road. This man-made reservoir built in the 1930s offers a wonderful retreat from the hustle and bustle of the city life. The forest spread along with the summer house, well laid out gardens, an island and hilltop guest house make it a favoured getaway. Adding to the attraction is the deer park and facilities for trekking and water sports. It offers everything a tourist can look for.
m)Rock formations-Armoor Road:Located on the highway, Armoor is a natural stopover for all traffic. The hillock of boulders is the result of natural weathering over millions of years. On top of hillock is the Navanatha Siddeswara temple. The local people believe that Navanathas or Siddhas, venerable sages, still live in the natural caves and caverns of these hillocks. The water spot nearby area has been drawing people in large numbers for it is believed that the water has curative powers, healing chronic diseases and disabilities. Nature reveals its artistic expression with this unique rock formations.
n)DOMAKONDA FORT:Domakonda is 4 Kms off the main highway and 10 kms from Kamareddy. Domakonda was a Samsthanam under Qutubshahis and Asaf Jahis. The Reddy rulers of Domakonda Samsthanam built the fort in the 18th Centuary at a sight where a fort existed earlier. The entrance to the fort has an arched gateway reflecting Asaf Jahis influence. The fort has bastions both square as well as circular,built at irregular intervals. Inside the fort are two palaces and a temple complex. The temple dedicated to Shiva was built on stellate plan, imitating the Kakatiya style of architecture. This fort is an example of the defence architecture of the princely states of Telangana.
10) ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP:
Nizamabad District is divided into Three Revenue Divisions. Nizamabad, Kamareddy and Bodhan and further divided into 36 mandals. The Mandals in the erstwhile Taluq/Panchayati Samithi blocks are as detailed hereunder.
ARMOOR BLOCK DOMAKONDA BLOCK
1. Armoor 1. Domakonda
2. Balkonda 2. Bhiknoor
3. Jakranpally 3. Machareddy
4. Nandipet KAMAREDDY BLOCK
BANSWADA BLOCK 1. Kamareddy
1. Banswada 2. Tadwai
2. Birkur 3. Sadasivanagar
3. Nizamsagar MADNOOR BLOCK
4. Pitlam 1. Madnoor
BHEEMGAL BLOCK NIZAMABAD BLOCK
1. Bheemgal 1. Nizamabad
2. Kammarpally 2. Dichipally
3. Mortad 3. Dharpally
4. Sirikonda 4. Makloor
5. Vailpur 5. Navipet
BODHAN BLOCK YELLAREDDY BLOCK
1. Bodhan 1. Yellareddy
2. Yedpally 2. Gandhari
3. Renjal 3. Lingampet
4. Kotgir 4.Nagireddypet
11)FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS OPERATING IN THE DISTRICT:
PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS: NO.OF PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS:
01. State Bank of Hyd. 47 01. The Vysya Bank Ltd 08
02. Andhra Bank 22 02. The Sangli Bank Ltd 01 09
03. Syndicate Bank 20 REGIONAL RURAL BANKS:
04. State Bank of India 08 01. Sree Rama Grameena Bk 27 27
05. Indian overseas Bank 07 COOPERATIVE BANKS:
06. Vijaya Bank 05 01. Nizamabad District
07. Canara Bank 03 Cooperative Central
08. Indian Bank 03 Bank Ltd 32 32
OTHER COOPERATIVE BANKS:
AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
09. Dena Bank 02 01. Nizamabad Cooperative
10. Union Bank of India 02 Town Bank 01
11. Corporation Bank 02 02. Telangana Cooperative01
12. Punjab National Bank 02 Bank
13. Central Bank of India 01 03. Mahila Cooperative
14. Bank of India 01 Bank 01
15. Bank of Maharashtra 01 03. A.P.State Financial
16. Oriental Bank of Comm 01 Corporation 01 36
TOTAL 127 72