D I S T R I C T   -  P R O F I L E

 

Nizamabad district is Situated in the Northern part of the State and  is one of the 10 districts of Telangana region in the state of  Andhra Pradesh.

 

I. Boundaries and Topography:

The District is bounded on the North by Adilabad District, East by Karimnagar District, South by Medak district and West by Bidar District of Karnataka and Nanded district of Maharashtra.  It lies between 18-5' and 19' of the Northern latitudes, 77-40' and 78-37' of the Eastern longitudes.  As the District is situated at a considerable distance from the Sea coast, the climatic condi­tion is tropical and temperature flactuations are high in the district. The Normal mean minimum temperature is 13.7',and mean maximum is 39.9'C.

 

At times, the temperature plummets to  as low as 5'C during winter and soars to as high as 47'C during the peak summer.  The geographical area is 7956 Sq.kms i.e. 19,80,586 acres spread over 923  villages in 36 mandals  of which 866 are inhabitated vil­lages and 57 villages are either un-inhabitated or submerged under irrigation projects/tanks.

 

II. POPULATION:

As per 2001 census the total population of the district is 23.42 lacs. The  details are as under:                     (in lacs)

                                URBAN                RURAL

MALE                            2.14                 9.48

FEMALE                          2.08                 9.72

S.C.Population (Urban+Rural)&(Male+Female) 3.08

S.T.Population (Urban+Rural)&(Male+Female) 1.21    

Density of population                       257 per Sq.Kms.

Literate Population                        5.96

Workers population                        10.14

Agricultural labourers                     3.07

Cultivators                                3.52

Artisans                                   1.55

Others                                     2.26                

 

 

III.RAINFALL:

The normal rainfall in the district is 1036 mm, of which about 85% comes from South-west monsoon during the latter part of June to the end of October.The normal District Average rainfall during 2002 till the end of September 2002 is 515.20 mm.

 

IV.NATURAL RESOURCES:

 

I)Forests:  The forest is covering an area of 1.67 lakh hectares,(4,18,450 acres) forming 22% of the total geographical area of the district.  Much stress is being laid on the development of this rich natural resources for augmenting the revenue and also to provide gainful employment, to the rural poor by raising commercial plantation viz., Eucalyptus, Teak etc.,. The National Policy is to cover 1/3rd of the geographical area with forests to maintain ecological balance and other advantages.  There is, therefore, an urgent need to bring barren lands  under social forestry to support ecological balancing.

 

ii)MINERALS: The District is not rich in minerals. Iron ore of poor quality occurs at few places as literate capping and as ferrous quartz­ites.  Aluminous blocks containing 25% to 35% Alumina are report­ed from Gurjakunta of Bhiknoor Mandal and Karadpally in Tadwai mandal. The calcareous and relcinised earth is formed near Tippapur,Bhiknoor and Kuprial areas. The granites of various shades and the Deccan Trap rocks are yielding excellent material in the district, for construction of buildings and for laying roads.  Export potential of granite is yet to be exploited fully.

 

iii) FLORA: The Jungles and forests like sponges, retain moisture in the soil and also help render the climate more equitable.  The forests and jungles fall under the category of Southern Tropical dry decidu­ous type.  A considerable area of the district is covered by these forests and Jungles.  The thick forest belt produces teaebony, black wood, nallamaddi, yippa, bijasal and tarwar, but the teak forests, for which the district was once famous have been considerably reduced due to  indiscriminate and un-scientific exploitation.  The forest produce, which includes timber, fuel, bamboo and beedi-leaves, yields  good revenue.  Mangoes and Cus­tard apples grow well in the district.

 

IV. FAUNA:  Tigers, Panthers, Jungle -cats, wild-sheep, blue-bulls, black bucks, sambar, spotted deer, wild-porcupines etc are some of the common animals found in this district.  Birds like ducks, par­ rots, teal, jungle fowls, peacocks, partridges, pigeons etc are also seen in the forests.  But the fauna, like the flora, is under danger and unless urgent conservation measures are not taken, this once beautiful district is likely to become barren in the near future.

 

V.SOIL:     The important soils prevailing in the district are black and chalka (Sandy looms) covering 55% and 45% respectively of the total area. The erstwhile blocks of Bodhan, Madnoor and Banswada are predominantly black soils, while the other 6 blocks are of Chalka soil.

 

VI.HILLS:   In Nizamabad, which is  situated in the table land of Deccan, hills of any considerable range are quite rare. Isolated peaks and rocky clusters occur frequently.  The rocks are related to the Archean and Deccan trap formations.  The Archean type occu­pies a very large area of 85%.  A few minor hill range areas are found in the eastern and western parts of the district.

 

VII) RIVERS AND MAJOR/MINOR IRRIGATION PROJECTS:

 

a)GODAVARI: The Godavari river originates in the Western ghats at Triambak, near Nasik in Maharashtra State.  It flows about 113 Kms on the Northern boundary of the district, and enters Karimna­gar district.

 

 

The Sree Ram Sagar, a major irrigation project has been con­structed on the river Godavari at Pochampad village of Nizamabad District, covering in downflow Karimnagar and Adilabad districts and some parts of Warangal district.  The benefit is received by only 23 villages in Nizamabad district covering  1394 Hectares due to reduction in storage capacity on account of silt formation and repairs needed to  the canal system. Of these  23 villages, 14 villages are under  Balkonda Mandal, 8 villages are under Mortad mandal and 1 village is under Kammarpally mandal.  The project has also hydroelectric power station with an installed capacity of 3x9 M.V.A.

 

b)MANJEERA: The river Manjeera rises in Patoda Taluq of Bidar district in Karnataka, crosses Nizamabad district from South-west and joins Godavari near Kandakurthi village in Renjal mandal.  The Nizamsagar project has been constructed on Manjeera river near Achampet village in erstwhile Banswada Block.  The project has also hydro-electric power station with an installed capacity of 3x5 M.V.A.

 

Other streams Kalyani, Kaulas,Peddavagu are also existing in the district.

 

c)IRRIGATION PROJECTS:

Sl.  Name of the project       Registered       Actual

No.                            Ayacut Area      Irrigated

--   --------------------       -----------      ---------

01. Nizamsagar                  1,73,336          57,527

02. Sree Ram Sagar                15,789           1,394

03. Pocharam                       9,619             278

04. Ramadugu                       3,242           1,095

05. Nallavagu                        898            --

                                ---------------------------

    TOTAL                       2,11,515 Ha       62,864 Ha

                                ---------------------------

d)AGRICULTURE:    Agriculture is the backbone of the district's economy and about 81% of the working population depend on agri­culture.  The major crops grown are paddy, Sugarcane, Maize, Turmeric, Cotton, Groundnut, Sunflower and pulses etc.

 

As per the information made available by the Agriculture Depart­ment the land utilisation, land holdings and cropping patterns are as under:(area in 000's Hectares)

 

LAND UTILISATION:                       CROPPING PATTERN:

01. Geographical area       806        01. Paddy              105

02. Forest Area             167Sq.kms. 02. Jowar               30

03. Gross cropped area      338        03. Maize               55

04. Net cropped area        259        04. Chillies            07

05. Gross irrigated area    266        05. Turmeric            10

06. Net irrigated area      229        06. Sugarcane           16

LAND HOLDING PATTERN:                  07. Cotton              20

01. Less than 4 Ha.         308        08. Sunflower           22

02. More than 4 Ha and       14        09. Pulses              36

    less than 10 Ha                    10. Others              07

03. More than 10 Ha           5

 

 

The crops and the Joint-mandals  where they are grown predomi­nantly are shown here under:

 

PADDY:      Grown in all Joint mandals but predominantly in Nizamabad,Armoor,Banswada,Bodhan and Kamareddy.

 

SUGARCANE:  Nizamabad,Bodhan,Banswada,Kamareddy,Domakonda and Yellareddy.

 

TURMERIC:   Armoor and Bheemgal.

 

COTTON:     Madnoor, Bodhan and Banswada.

 

MAIZE:      Nizamabad, Armoor, Bheemgal,Kamareddy, Domakonda.

 

GROUNDNUT:  Madnoor, Bodhan.       

 

FARM MACHINES:    The number of existing Farm machines as on 31.03.2002 are:

Tractors              : 4695        Harvestors            :   09

Power Tillers         :  244        Paddy Thrushers       :   80

Maize shellers        : 1750        Sugarcane Crushers    : 4116

Groundnut decoticators: 1704

 

e)ALLIED ACTIVITIES:

1.MILCH CATTLE:   As per 1999 census, the population of Cattle and Buffaloes in the district are as under:

       (in lacs)

                               Cattle      Buffaloes     Total

                               ------      ---------     -----

1) Males over 3 years           1.91          0.06        1.97

2) Females over 3 years         0.89          1.48        2.37

3) Young stock                  0.87          1.12        1.99

                               ------      ---------     -----

    TOTAL                       3.67          2.66       06.33

                               ------      ---------     -----

2. ANIMAL HEALTH CARE:  The number of veterinary institutions existing are as under:         

 

             Veterinary Poly-clinic       01

             Veterinary hospitals         10

             Veterinary dispensaries      51

             Rural live stock units       66

                                         ---

                                         128

                                         ---

Apart from these 128, the GRAM voluntary Agency is maintaining 18 veterinary first aid centres and artificial insemination centres.

 

3. MILK CHILLING FACILITIES:

There are two milk collection centres in the district, one at Nizamabad and another at Kamareddy . Details of which are as under:

                                  MCC             MCC

                                  Nizamabad       Kamareddy

                                  ---------       ---------

Active Dairy Co-operatives           42              69

Capacity of the unit @Ltrs per day   18,000          18,000

Capacity Utilisation:

Procurement                          54.4%           48.3%

Handling                             48.3%           40.3%

Milk routes                          03              06

No. of villages covered              42              78 

 

Two private Dairies viz Jyothi (5000 LPD) and Hamara Diary (1000 LPD)are also functioning in the District.

 

APDDCF Ltd has promoted 20 Women Dairy Coop Societies with the involvement of Gram Abhudaya Mandali, the voluntary agency.

 

Recently "GOPALA MITRA" scheme has been introduced to take up artificial insemination,and health care of animals in the vil­lages  with the unemployed youth being given  4 months training in Agriculture labour work,first aid and fodder development. 74 Gopala Mitra centres have been proposed to be opened in the district by the end of December 2002.

 

f)INDUSTRIES:

The details of Large & Medium units existing in the district are as under

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Sl  Name of the Industry &     Installed   Investment  Employment

No. Line of Activity           capacity    (Rs. lacs)

--------------------------------------------------------------------

01. Nizam sugar Factory        3500 TCD       2291          1000

    Bodhan (Sugar)                                             

02. Sukhjit Starch            20000 MT         795           297

    Mubaraknagar,Maize         7500 MT

    Liquid Glucose

03. NZB.Corn products            70 TPD        250            40

    Sarangapur,Maize flakes

04. NZB.Coop sugars            1000 TCD        649           200

    Sarangapur,Sugar

05. Vajra Granites,Baswapur   41000 Sq.mt     1082            40

    Polished granites

06. Feno Fibres,Thanakalan    12960 Spndls     471           115

    Cotton yarn

07. NCS Gayatri Sugars         2500 TCD       2150           610

    Adloor yellareddy,Sugar

08. ABK Publications        2737500 papers     304            60

    Nizamabad,VAARTHA

    News paper

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Particulars of Large & Medium Industries under pipe line:

                           Investment        Employment

01. Gayatri Tissues & papers 103900           1000 Due to market

                                                   problems for

                                                   paper industry

                                                   not implementing

                                                   the   project at

                                                   present.

 

02. Manjeera Sugars,Bichkunda  2500 TCD       1870 Under implementation.

 

03. Padmavathi sugars,pvt ltd   48.5Crs        440             --

    (Sugar,Alcohol)

 

04. NCS Gayatri sugars ltd.     32.5           540 Under expan­sion.

     Adloor Yellareddy            

                

05. Gayatri Sugar Complex,

    Narsingraopet (V),White      61            440 Under  implementation.     

    Crystal sugar.                                   

 

06. NCS Gayatri Sugars Ltd

    Adloor yellareddy      indl 8 lakhs        150   --do--

 

07. 5 units at various places  126.10Crs      2210 GOI have issued

    (All white crystal sugar units)                letter of intent.

                                                   Under implementation.

                                                  

 

The Details of Tiny and SSI  units existing in the district are as under:

----------------------------------------------------------------

Sl        Category                  No.of   Investment   Employ

No.                                 Units  (Rs. in lacs)  ment

----------------------------------------------------------------

01. Food & Agrobased Industries       2394      3508       32396

02. Forest based Industries           1007       458        6432

03. Mineral Based Industries           415       220        5422

04. Engineering & Allied Industries   2139      1485       13242

05. Textile based Industries           186       254        1887

06. Chemical based Industries          394       177        2594

07. Building material Industries       529       293        7527

08. Other Industries                  3113      2826       18054

----------------------------------------------------------------

     TOTAL                           10177      9221       87554

----------------------------------------------------------------

 

8) PLACES OF TOURIST INTEREST:

Nizamsagar, Sree Ram Sagar, Pocharam, Alisagar projects, Nizama­bad fort,Dichipally Ramalayam,Museum at Tilak Garden,Domakonda Fort, Kanteshwar Temple, Quilla Ramalayam, Mallaram forest, Ashok Sagar, Sarangapur, Rock formations on Armoor road etc  are some of the prominent tourist centres. Nizamabad fort was developed on an original temple of Ram Mandir constructed by Raghunathdas, who had also constructed a big tank which is the main drinking water source, even now, for Nizamabad town.  The temple was developed into a fort called Nizamabad Fort. All the above places are provided with beautiful gardens/lawns and guest house facilities. 

 

9) RELIGIOUS PLACES:

The prominent religious places in the district are Limbadri Gutta, Bada Pahad, Bichkunda and Sarangapur.

 

a) LIMBADRI GUTTA(HILLS):     There is Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple on the Linbadri Hill located in a Serene atmosphere.  The spot is 4 Kms  from Bheemgal Taluq Head quarters.  Every year a carnival will be  held from Kartika Sudda Thadiya to Trayodasi.

 

b)BADA PAHAD: People pay homage to Dargah of Syed Sadullah Hus­saini located on the hills between Varni & Chandur .  This is also a JATRA spot.

 

c)BICHKUNDA: "SHIVARATRI FESTIVAL" day, every year, the famous Basawa Lingappa Swamy fair takes place at Bichkunda attracting several devotees from Andhra Pradesh and also from Maharashtra and Karnataka States.

 

d)SARANGAPUR: At about 8 kilometres from Nizamabad town, there is a huge HANUMAN TEMPLE at Sarangapur, which is considered to be another holy shrine in the district.  The saint Samartha Ramadas, the Guru of Chatrapati Shivaji  had laid the foundation for the temple about 452 years ago. With easy accessibility, and

availability of  electricity, protected water supply, Dharmasala, Garden/ Childrens' park etc., the place is attracting a considera­ble number of pilgrims every day.

 

e)KANTESHWAR: In Nizamabad in a locality called, Kanteshwar  an ancient temple of Lord Shiva "NEELA KANTESHWAR" with beautiful architecture is located attracting a large number of devotees in the district. This temple was constructed by the Satavahana king, Satakarni-II for the Jains. The structure resembles the North Indian Style of Architecture.  The festival of Radhasapthami is annually celebrated on a grand scale in this temple.

 

f)At about 5 kilometres from Nizamabad town, towards Hyderabad road (NH-7), there is a "SAI BABA"  temple at Madhavnagar.  The temple constructed many years ago has now been  developed into the present state with Dharmashala, protected water supply and  garden etc.,

 

g)Dichipalli Ramalayam : Just off the Hyderabad-Nizamabad highway Dichpalli temple is located 15 kms from Nizamabad town. Pictur­esquely located on a hillock, this beautiful temple of Rama is built of white and black basalt stone.  An architrave at the foot of the hillock welcomes visitors.  The exquisite carvings of temple walls, ceilings and door frames are on par with Khajuraho temple and display the excellent craftsmanship of the 17th Cen­tury A.D.  To the South of the Temple is an extensive tank amidst which nestles a pillared mandapam.  The scenic locale adds to the beauty of the temple.

 

h) Archaeological and Heritage Museum: This museum was opened in October 2001. The District Archaeological Museum houses number of artefacts and antiquities representing the evolution of human civilisation right from Paleolithic to Vijaya Nagar Times (i.e. 16th A.D).  The Museum is broadly devided into three sections, namely Archaeological Section,Sculptural gallery and Bronze and Decorative gallary.

 

Bidri articles and arms and weapons of extensive variety are also exhibited.

 

i)Quilla Ramalayam: Originally known as Indoor or Indrapuri, the town and fort were built by the Rashtrakutas.  There is a 40 feet high monolithic victory pillar built during the Rashtrakuta reign.  The fort  was occupied by Allauddin Khilji in 1311 A.D. and subsequently went into the hands of Bahamanis, Qutub Shahis and then Asaf Jahis. The present fort has a wide area encircled by masonry walls along with huge bastions at the corners.  This 10th Century fort of the Rashtrakutas has continued to be a of strategic importance right down to the Asaf Jahis.  The present fort reflects the Asaf Jahi style of architecture with spacious halls and a summer house.  Adding importance to the fort is the Bada Rammandir Temple, built by Samarth Ramdass the guru of Cha­trapathi Shivaji.  The fort offers a panoramic view of the Niza­mabad town and its surroundings.

 

j)Mallaram Forest: Mallaram Forest is just 7 kms away from Niza­mabad. Ensconced in Sylvan surroundings it is the perfect place for eco-tourism.  Forest treks, a pagoda and a view point tower are main attractions.  1.45 billion years old rock beckons you into the lap of nature.  Ideal place for adventure tourism and

exciting picnics.  

 

k) Ashok Sagar: A picturesque lake with beautiful rocks and garden, situated 7 kms from Nizamabad on Hyderabad-Basar road.  Just the right place to stop over, stretch out and relax with illuminated rocks, well laid out garden and the boat ride to sooth your mind and body. 

 

l)Alisagar:Alisagar is 10 Kms from Nizamabad and 2 kms off the Nizamabad-Basar road.  This man-made reservoir built in the 1930s offers a wonderful retreat from the hustle and bustle of the city life.  The forest spread along with the summer house, well laid out gardens, an island and hilltop guest house make it a favoured getaway.  Adding to the attraction is the deer park and facilities for trekking and water sports.  It offers everything a tourist can look for.

 

m)Rock formations-Armoor Road:Located on the highway, Armoor is a natural stopover for all traffic.  The hillock of boulders is the result of natural weathering over millions of years.  On top of hillock is the Navanatha Siddeswara temple.  The local people believe that Navanathas or Siddhas, venerable sages, still live in the natural caves and caverns of these hillocks.  The water spot nearby area has been drawing people in large numbers for it is believed that the water has curative powers, healing chronic diseases and disabilities. Nature reveals its artistic expression with this unique rock formations. 

 

n)DOMAKONDA FORT:Domakonda is 4 Kms off the main highway and 10 kms from Kamareddy. Domakonda was a Samsthanam under Qutubshahis and Asaf Jahis. The Reddy rulers of Domakonda Samsthanam built the fort in the 18th Centuary at a sight where a fort existed earlier. The entrance to the fort has an arched gateway reflect­ing  Asaf Jahis influence. The fort has bastions both square as well as circular,built at irregular intervals. Inside the fort are two palaces and a temple complex. The temple dedicated to Shiva was built on stellate plan, imitating the Kakatiya style of architecture. This fort is an example of the defence architecture of the princely states of Telangana.

 

10) ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP:

Nizamabad District is divided into Three Revenue Divisions. Nizamabad, Kamareddy and Bodhan and further divided into 36 mandals.  The Mandals in the erstwhile Taluq/Panchayati Samithi blocks are as detailed hereunder.

ARMOOR BLOCK                           DOMAKONDA BLOCK

1. Armoor                              1. Domakonda

2. Balkonda                            2. Bhiknoor

3. Jakranpally                         3. Machareddy

4. Nandipet                            KAMAREDDY BLOCK

BANSWADA BLOCK                         1. Kamareddy

1. Banswada                            2. Tadwai

2. Birkur                              3. Sadasivanagar

3. Nizamsagar                          MADNOOR BLOCK

4. Pitlam                              1. Madnoor

                                       2. Bichkunda

                                       3. Jukkal 

BHEEMGAL BLOCK                         NIZAMABAD BLOCK                        

1. Bheemgal                            1. Nizamabad                          

2. Kammarpally                         2. Dichipally

3. Mortad                              3. Dharpally

4. Sirikonda                           4. Makloor

5. Vailpur                             5. Navipet

BODHAN BLOCK                           YELLAREDDY BLOCK

1. Bodhan                              1. Yellareddy

2. Yedpally                            2. Gandhari

3. Renjal                              3. Lingampet

4. Kotgir                              4.Nagireddypet

5. Varni                              

                                      

 

11)FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS OPERATING IN THE DISTRICT:

PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS:      NO.OF   PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS:

                          BRS.

01. State Bank of Hyd.     47    01. The Vysya Bank Ltd   08

02. Andhra Bank            22    02. The Sangli Bank Ltd  01   09

03. Syndicate Bank         20    REGIONAL RURAL BANKS:

04. State Bank of India    08    01. Sree Rama Grameena Bk 27  27

05. Indian overseas Bank   07    COOPERATIVE BANKS:

06. Vijaya Bank            05    01. Nizamabad District

07. Canara Bank            03        Cooperative Central

08. Indian Bank            03        Bank Ltd             32   32

                                     OTHER COOPERATIVE BANKS:

                                     AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

09. Dena Bank              02    01. Nizamabad Cooperative

10. Union Bank of India    02        Town Bank            01

11. Corporation Bank       02    02. Telangana Cooperative01

12. Punjab National Bank   02        Bank

13. Central Bank of India  01    03. Mahila Cooperative

14. Bank of India          01        Bank                 01

15. Bank of Maharashtra    01    03. A.P.State Financial

16. Oriental Bank of Comm  01        Corporation          01   36

                          ----                                ---   

          TOTAL           127                                  72

                          ----                                ---