Nizamabad – A popular princely district in Telangana situated at a distance of about 175 kms from North-west of Hyderabad. The District derived its name as Nizamabad (Nizam-a-abadi) from the Nizam of Hyderabad Asaf Jahi, VI who had ruled Deccan during the 18th Century A.D. Originally the district called was INDUR known to have originated in the name of king Indradatta who had ruled this region during 5th Century A.D. During the Prime Minister-ship of Sir Salar Jung-I in the 1876 A.D, the district is in the Nizam’s Dominion were re-organized where upon INDUR became a District.
Up to 2nd June-2014 the Nizamabad district was part of Andhra Pradesh State. After bifurcation of Telangana State Nizamabad district became one of the districts of Telangana State.
The District derived its name as Nizamabad (Nizam-a-abadi) from the Nizam of Hyderabad Asaf jahi, VI who had ruled Deccan during the 18th century A.D. Originally the District was called Indur known to have originated in the name of king Indradatta who had ruled this region during the 5th century A.D.
Some of the major ancient dynasties which extended their rule to the district are Mauryas, Satavahanas, Rastrakutas, Chalukyas and Kakatiyas and in the medieval Bahamani Sultans, Qutub Shahis and Barid Shahis and in the modern period Mughals and Asaf Jahis.
During the Prime Minister-ship of Sir Salar Jung-I in the 1876 A.D., the districts in the Nizam’s Dominion were re- organized where upon Indur became a District.
The district in its new shape was christened as Nizamabad. Before 1979, there were (7) taluks in the district. However, during December, 1979 Armoor and Kamareddy taluks have been bifurcated and (2) new taluks Viz, Bheemgal and Domakonda were formed. With these two taluks, the number of taluks rose from 7 to 9. During May, 1985 (35) Mandals have been formed as smaller administrative units in the district. They are listed under the head ‘Administrative Divisions’. During August 1988, Yedapally Mandal was newly formed, bringing the total number of Mandals to 36, total no of divisions are 3.
On 11.10.2016 New District is formed with 27 mandals.there are I corporation two municipalities in the district.recently 8 new Mandal are formed they are Mupkal,Mendora,Yergatla, Nizamabad North, Nizamabad Rural , Nizamabad South Mugpal,Rudrur .
Nizamabad town has the largest population of 3.10 lakhs as per 2011 Census. While Armoor town has the lowest population of 64,042. Nizamabad town has become Municipal Corporation in March, 2005 and Armoor town has become Municipality in May 2006. There are total no of thandas in district are —-, no of thandas are to be proposed as Grama Panchayaths are —–
Nizamabad district is bounded on the North by Nirmal district and on the East by Jagital district, on the South by Kamareddy district on the West by Nanded district of Maharastra State The geographical area of this district is 4288 Sq.Kms. The district lies between 180 05’ and 190’ of the Northern latitudes and 770 40’ and 780 37’ of the Eastern longitudes.
An official Census 2011 detail of Nizambad, a district of Telangana has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Telangana. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Nizamabad District of Telangana.
In 2011, Nizamabad had population of 1577108 of which male and female were 771449 and 805659 respectively. In 2001 census, Nizamabad had a population of 1466312 of which males were 724271 and remaining 742041 were females. Nizamabad District population
- Population Growth Rate:
There was change of 8.8 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001
- Density of Population:
The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Nizamabad district for 2011 is 355 people per sq. km. In 2001, Nizamabad district density was at 341 people per sq. km. Nizamabad district administers 4288 square kilometers of areas.
- Literacy Rate:
Average literacy rate of Nizamabad in 2011 were 54.24 compared to 47.44 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 63.26 and 45.69 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 57.77 and 37.35 in Nizamabad District. Total literate in Nizamabad District were 902764 of which male and female were 506375 and 396389 respectively. In 2001, Nizamabad District had 695656 in its district.
- Child Population:
In census enumeration, data regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected for all districts including Nizamabad. There were total 170451 children under age of 0-6. Of total 170451 male and female were 87299 and 83152 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 1050. Children under 0-6 formed 10.8 percent of Nizamabad District.
- Urban Population:
Out of the total Nizamabad population for 2011 census, 28.71 percent lives in urban regions of district. In total 452748 people lives in urban areas of which males are 225316 and females are 227432. Sex Ratio in urban region of Nizamabad district is 1009 as per 2011 census data. Similarly child sex ratio in Nizamabad district was 962 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 52301 of which males and females were 26656 and 25645. This child population figure of Nizamabad district is 11.55 % of total urban population. Average literacy rate in Nizamabad district as per census 2011 is 68.26 % of which males and females are 73.76 % and 62.62 % literates respectively. In actual number 309059 people are literate in urban region of which males and females are 166620 and 142439 respectively.
- Rural Population:
As per 2011 census, 71.29 % population of Nizamabad districts lives in rural areas of villages. The total Nizamabad district population living in rural areas is 1124360 of which males and females are 546133 and 578227 respectively. In rural areas of Nizamabad district, sex ratio is 1058 females per 1000 males. If child sex ratio data of Nizamabad district is considered, figure is 948 girls per 1000 boys. Child population in the age 0-6 is 118150 in rural areas of which males were 60643 and females were 57507. The child population comprises 10.5 % of total rural population of Nizamabad district. Literacy rate in rural areas of Nizamabad district is 52.80 % as per census data 2011. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 62.21 and 43.92 percent respectively. In total 593705 people were literate of which males and females were 339755 and 253950 respectively.
The total Forest area in the district is —– lakhs hectares farming —- percent of the total geographical area of the district. The thick forest belt produces Teak, Ebony, Blackwood, Nallamaddi, Yeppa, Bijasali and Tarwar. The Teak forests for which the district was once famous have been considerably reduced due to the indiscriminate and unscientific exploitation. The forest produce which includes Timber, fuel, Bamboo and Beedi leaves yield good revenue. Mangoes and Custard Apples grow well in this district.
The important soils are black soils and chalka (Sandy loamy) and they constitute 52 percent and 48 percent of total area of the district respectively. The erstwhile Block of Bodhan, are predominantly covered by Black soils and other Blocks are covered by chelka soils.
The district is not rich in minerals, Iron ore of poor quality occurs at a few places as laterite and ferrogenous quartizites.
The Principal rivers flowing in the District are the Godavari on the northern boundary and Manjira, the chief tributary of the Godavari. The Godavari originates in the Western Ghats at Triambak near Nasik in Maharashtra State. It flows for about 113 Kms., on the northern boundary of this district separating it from Nanded and Nirmal districts and finally enters into Jagital district. The Manjira rises in Potoda taluk of Bhidar district in Karnataka State, enters the district from south west and joins the Godavari near Kandakurthi in Renjal Mandal. .
Nizamabad district is one of the agriculturally developed district in the Telangana state. Beedi Rolling is a well known household industry and plays an important role to provide economic activity among women. The sugarcane plantation is one of the major crops of this district. In view of this Sugar factories like Nizamsugar factory, is established. And play an important role in the economy of the district.Now it is not working.
PLACES OF HISTORICAL AND RELIGIOUS ATTRACTION:
- LIMBADRI GUTTA:
There is Lord Sri Narasimha Swamy Temple on Limbadri Hills situated in Bheemgal Mandal.
- QUILLA RAMALAYAM:
This Quilla (fort) was built by the kings of Rashtrakuta dynasty during 10th century. While the Kalyani chalukyas added Hindu elements to the temple. The Kakatiya rulers restored this.
- NEELAKANTESHWARA TEMPLE:
This temple built in Nizamabad around 10 AD by Satavahana king, Satakarni – II, with architecture style of Jains, Vaishnavaite and Shivaite.
- SRI CHAKRESHWARA TEMPLE:
It is built by Kalyani Chalukyas , famous Shiva temple, situated in Bodhan town.
- HANMAN TEMPLE:
Located in Sarangapur village and it is said that saint Samartha Ramdas, the Guru of king Chatrapathi shivaji has laid the foundation to the temple about 450 years ago.
- Ashta Mukhi Koneru :
Narsimha Swamy temple was built around 9th century by the Chalukyas, Ashta Mukhi koneru was also built subsequently which is a stone carved pillar and platform structure is giving a very good appearance.
Sirnapally fort built in 19th century under seelam Janakibai who was appointed as its ruler by the Nawab of Nizam.
Sadulla Hussain Dargah –Badapahad
It is most important pilgrim centre in the district located in Jakora Village of Varni Mandal.
- CSI church:
The churches built at the beginning of 20th century, in Dichpalli and Dharmaram mandals are among the most important in the district.
- SRIRAM SAGAR PROJECT (SRSP):
This is one of the biggest projects in Telangana , which was constructed across the River Godavari at pochampad village of Mupkal Mandal. Former Prime Minister of India late Sri Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, laid the foundation in July, 1963. The project provides irrigation water for about 3.92 lakhs Hectares in Nirmal, Nizamabad, Jagital, Warangal and Khamam districts. Also provides drinking water to Jagital and Warangal districts. The project site is an important tourist spot. The APGENCO Power Generation House, Lord Rama & Shiva Temples located there are worth seeing.
- ALISAGAR RESERVIOR:
This reservoir is situated at a distance of 13Kms from Nizamabad town, which is an important picnic spot to Nizamabad public. This huge reservoir was constructed in 1931 by the Nizam. Flanked by natural hills and beautiful flower gardens, the reservoir and its surroundings are rich in scenic beauty. Boating facility also available to the visitors.
- ASOK SAGAR:
This Sagar is situated at a distance of 8 Kms from the District Head Quarters towards the Bodhan town. Recently, a Picnic Spot has been developed which attract visitors from Nizamabad, where Boating facility is also provided. A 18 ft statue of Goddess Saraswathi in the middle of the lake attracts the visitors a lot.
- KANDAKURTHI, TADPAKAL AND POCHAMPAD:
These are the three places recently identified for “GODAVARI PUSHKARALU’ and developed by constructing “Snanaghattalu” as well as bath rooms and shelters for the visitors. The District Administration is taking steps to develop these places as Picnic Spots.
PLACES OF TOURIST IMPORTANCE:
There are many places of tourist importance in the district. Prominent among them are Sriram Sagar, , Alisagar and Nizamabad fort. Apart from these, there are places of religious prominence like Limbadri Narsimhaswamy Temple, Peddagutta etc.